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Korean Journal of Metals and Materials > Volume 55(4); 2017 > Article
Korean Journal of Metals and Materials 2017;55(4): 284-289. doi: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.4.284
졸-겔법을 이용한 친수 기능성 법랑용 인산염계 유리 합성
김대성, 류봉기
부산대학교 재료공학과
Sol-Gel Synthesis of Phosphate-Based Glasses for Hydrophilic Enamel Applications
Dae-Sung Kim, Bong-ki Ryu
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Bong-ki Ryu ,Tel: +82-51-510-3200, Email: bkryu@pusan.ac.kr
Received: 26 July 2016;  Accepted: 1 November 2016.  Published online: 6 April 2017.
In this study, quaternary phosphate-based sol-gel derived glasses were synthesized from a P2O5-CaO-Na2O-TiO2 system with a high TiO2 content of up to 50 mol%. The sol-gel method was chosen because incorporating a high percentage of titanium into a phosphate network via traditional melt-quench methods is non-trivial. The structure and thermal properties of the obtained stabilized sol-gel glasses were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The XRD results confirmed the amorphous nature of all of the stabilized sol–gel derived glasses. The FTIR results revealed that added TiO2 enters the network as (TiO6), which likely acts as a modifier oxide. Consequently, the number of terminal oxygen atoms increases, leading to an increase in the number of P-OH bonds. In addition, DSC results confirmed a decrease in glass transition and crystallization temperatures with increasing TiO2 content. This is the first report of a sol-gel synthesis strategy combined with enameling to prepare glass at low processing temperatures and the first use of such a system for both hydrophilic and chemical resistance purposes.
Keywords: phosphate glass, sol-gel, enamel, hydrophilic, chemical durability
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